Hundred Historical Heroines

After a hugely successful public nomination drive for contemporary photographic heroines, we asked you to nominate your most admired historical photographic figures, those women no longer with us. And this time, the public was the jury.

Here’s the final list of Hundred Historical Heroines, as voted by you.

Tish Murtha

@tishmurtha, who focused on the working class areas of the northeast of England and the reality...

Anna Atkins

who in 1843 privately published, Photographs of British Algae: Cyanotype Impressions, the first...

Cecilia Glaisher

Today’s nomination is Cecilia Glaisher (1828-1892), wife of Photographic Society President...

Jane Bown HonFRPS

I had the pleasure of working with Jane Bown whilst art directing the Observer colour...

Tina Modotti

Although her legacy is small, it is an intensely influential body of work – with a focus on...

Fay Godwin

More than a poetic landscape photographer, her images increasingly held a political and...

Mary Ellen Mark

Her penetrating social documentary images and portraits, have left a lasting and rarely...

Lucia Moholy

A name synonymous with the Bauhaus; with her images of the architecture, products and masters,...

Francesca Woodman

One of the defining visual artists of her generation; Woodman explores the complexities of...

Constance Fox Talbot

Whilst only two images are known to survive, evidence suggests she was experimenting with...

Diane Arbus

Diane Arbus who pushed the boundaries of social documentary portraiture, with the transgressive...

Thereza Story-Maskelyne

Thereza Story-Maskelyne (1834-1926) continued the Dillwyn female interest in photography....

Lee Miller

One of only four female photographers accredited as official war correspondents with the US...

Julia Margaret Cameron

Whilst her artistic career was short, she was a photographer ahead of her time – and her...

Eve Arnold

Eve Arnold, OBE, Hon. FRPS was an American photojournalist. She joined Magnum Photos agency in...

Vivian Maier

Vivian Dorothy Maier was an American street photographer. Maier worked for about forty years as...

Maud Sulter

Maud Sulter whose distinct – often multilayered – portraits frequently reference historical and...

Lisette Model

A photographer whose unflinchingly frank eye, produced one of the most striking documents of...

Helen Levitt

A master of the street photography genre, who was only the second woman to receive a Guggenheim...

Jessie Tarbox Beals

Jessie Tarbox Beals was an American photographer, the first published female photojournalist in...

Helen Chadwick

Helen Chadwick was a British sculptor, photographer and installation artist. In 1987, she...

Christina Broom

Christina Broom was a Scottish photographer, credited as “the UK’s first female...

Claude Cahun

I would like to nominate the French surrealist photographer who went by the name Claude Cahun,...

Countess Mary Rosse

Countess Mary Rosse (1813-1885) became the first photographer to receive the Photographic...

Berenice Abbott

From her urban images that culminated in Changing New York (1939); securing the archive of...

Ruth Orkin

A photojournalist who began her career in the 1940s with The New York Times, Life and Look; and...

Shirley Baker

Working in the humanist style of documentary photography, she is widely considered to be the...

Sue Steward

Mary Dillwyn

The first Welsh female photographer was Mary Dillwyn (1816-1906). Sister of pioneering...

Lola Alvarez Bravo

a photographer overshadowed by her husband, but who’s work with its remarkable range –...

Louise Dahl-Wolf

A photographer who defined the image of the modern independent post-war woman through 86 covers...

Margaret Bourke-White

pioneering photojournalist Margaret Bourke-White, who was Fortune magazine’s first...

Jo Spence

One of the first artists to explore identity politics through role-play, and a key figure in...

Edith Tudor Hart

From a British PoV, not v #heroinic for her part in recruiting the Cambridge spy ring, but art...

Elizabeth Fulhame

Elizabeth Fulhame was the first woman to describe the chemical reaction of light darkening...

Clementina Hawarden

Initially taking stereoscopic landscape photographs, she quickly turned to the portrait;...

Doreathea Lange

Documentary photographer who held a deep empathy for her subjects, and whose work pioneered...

Amelia Elizabeth Guppy

She was the first active female member of the new Photographic Society in 1853, exhibiting her...

Ruth Bernhard

A student of Edward Weston, she was renowned for her nudes, with fellow f64 member Ansel Adams...

Olive Edis

Became the first official female British War artist photographing the battlefields of France...

Linda McCartney

Madame Yevonde

Known for her portraits and early work with the Vivex colour process; she held one of the...

Henrietta Augusta Nevill

Another early pioneer – Lady Henrietta Augusta Nevill (1830-1912). Henrietta and her sister...

Hilla Becher

who can be considered one of the most influential photographers of the 20th century, inspiring...

Imogen Cunningham

With a career spanning seven decades, she emerged from the Pictorialist movement to become one...

Inge Morath

A writer turned photographer, IM joined Magnum in 1955. Read about her various #heroinic...

Jessica Piazzi Smyth

Today is another astronomer, Jessica Piazzi Smyth (1815-1896). She travelled with her husband...

Jessie Mann

Regarded as Scotland’s first female photographer. She worked with pioneering photographers...

Gertrude Kasebier

An American noted for her portraits, and as a founding member of the Photo-Secession movement;...

Hannah Hoch

Emma Thomasina Llewellyn nee Talbot

Emma had an impeccable photographic pedigree – cousin of William Henry Fox Talbot and mother of...

Claire de Rouen

Her eponymous bookstore – situated above a sex shop on London’s Charing Cross Rd – became a...

Ann Cooke

Mrs Ann Cooke of Hull. A widow left to support a large family in 1843, the first woman to...

Joan Wakelin HonFRPS

Joan Wakelin HonFRPS – Historical Heroine Born April 21 1928; died September 23 2003....

Zaida Ben-Yusuf

A London born portrait photographer whose New York studio was one of the most fashionable on...

Zofia Rydet

for her extraordinary attempt to photograph every household in Poland (Sociological Record)....

Marion Post Wolcott

Marion Post, later Marion Post Wolcott, was a noted American photographer who worked for the...

Mary Emma Lynn

Mary Emma Lynn (1813-1903). She was the first and only woman of 40 photographers to contribute...

Nancy Newhall

Nancy Wynne Newhall was an American photography critic. She is best known for writing the text...

Khadija Saye

Explored her Gambian-British identity through a series of compelling self-portraits....

Lillian Bassman

As an art director she promoted the likes of Avedon, Frank, Faurer & Newman. As a fashion...

Lotte Jacobi

Born into a family of photographers – her great-grandfather met and purchased a license from...

Madame d’Ora

Nom de Plume for Dora Kallmus – Dora Philippine Kallmus was an Austrian fashion and...

Ida Kar

The first photographer to have a retrospective exhibition at a major London art gallery, when...

Ilse Bing

Known as the ‘Queen of the Leica’ for her early adoption of the small format camera, her...

Ingeborg Strobl

We share a love of “stuff”. Interesting how many of these heroinic Fotografinnnen followed the...

Isabel Agnes Cowper

Isabel Agnes Cowper (1826-1911), the South Kensington Museum’s first female Official...

Jan Groover

Frances Jocelyn

A bridesmaid of Queen Victoria, Frances joined the Photographic Society in 1859 and exhibited...

Frances Monteith

Very early Scottish photographer, active circa 1845, whose work is preserved in the...

Gerda Taro

The first woman to photograph the heat of battle (and to die in action), her career was short;...

Germaine Krull

Her avant-garde approach to photography placed her firmly at the forefront of the Neue Optik....

Gisele Freund

A photojournalist who joined the Magnum agency in 1947 – although since omitted from its...

Harriet Ann Tucker

Two prints dated 1845 inscribed “H.A.Tucker, Calotype taken by Herself” came to light in 1967....

Elizabeth Eastlake

In 1857 wrote that photography “…unites men of the most diverse lives, habits, and stations, so...

Elizabeth Vignoles

Made history in January 1853 by becoming the first woman to join the @The_RPS. The Photographic...

Emma Barton

Emma Barton was an English portrait photographer. Born Emma Boaz Rayson into a working-class...

Emma Frances Johnston

An amateur photographer specialising in portraits of family and friends taken at her Hampstead...

Evelyn Hofer

Evelyn Hofer’s work appears routed in the tradition of August Sander, and predates the colour...

Florence Henri

All to often overlooked, her Avant-garde photography lead László Moholy-Nagy to write in 1928,...

Caroline Emily Nevill

The eldest of the three Nevill sisters, Caroline contributed architectural views became a...

Catherine Leroy

A photojournalist who covered the Vietnam war from 1966 to 1969; and further conflict in...

Catherine Verschoyle

Catherine Verschoyle was an artist and photographer who used her privileged social status and...

Corrine Day

Corrine Day who took a documentary approach to fashion – that lacked the glamour so often...

Dora Kallmus

already nominated by @htrompeler, but I need completion. Saw her exhib recently @Leopold – I...

Dorothy Frances Edith Wilding

Dorothy Frances Edith Wilding was a noted English society photographer from Gloucester. Dorothy...

Alexandra Boulat

Alison Gernsheim

A collector and historian, who co-authored The History of Photography: from the camera obscura...

Anne Brigman

Anne Wardrope Brigman was an American photographer and one of the original members of the...

Bessie Raynor Parkes

was better known as a campaigner for women’s rights in Victorian England. In 1847 she taught...

Birgit Jurgenssen

particularly for her Körperprojektion (Der Magier Houdini). A key figure of the international...

Caroline and Eliza Constable

Misses Caroline and Eliza Constable assisted their uncle William Constable in his Brighton...

Miss Borthwick

Scotland’s first woman Daguerreotype photographer in 1847 was Miss Borthwick of Cathedral...

Miss Whitby

1855 saw further competition for Mrs Ann Cooke in Hull, from another woman photographer...

Pauline Heathcote

My final nomination for Historical Heroine is a tribute to Pauline Heathcote. Her pre-internet...

Minna Keene

Founder member of the London Salon and FRPS c1910. Entered RPS and London Salon exhibitions...

Franki Raffles

Franki Raffles was a feminist social documentary photographer, best known for her work on the...

Aase Goldsmith

Aase Goldsmith (1942-2015, born in Denmark) and her husband Peter were photographers living and...

Margaret Harker

Margaret Florence Harker, was a British photographer and historian of photography. She was the...

Ana Mendieta